Nouns denoting possession and transfer of possession

unearned increment
an unearned rise in the market value of property resulting from general market factors
 
bride-gift
a wedding present to the bride
 
Treasury bill
a short-term obligation that is not interest-bearing (it is purchased at a discount); can be traded on a discount basis for 91 days
 
handling charge
the cost of handling (especially the cost of packaging and mailing an order)
 
national debt
the debt of the national government (as distinguished from the debts of individuals and businesses and political subdivisions)
 
GNP
former measure of the United States economy; the total market value of goods and services produced by all citizens and capital during a given period (usually 1 yr)
 
subsistence
minimal (or marginal) resources for subsisting
 
quarter
a United States or Canadian coin worth one fourth of a dollar
 
incentive program
a formal scheme for inducing someone (as employees) to do something
 
premium
payment or reward (especially from a government) for acts such as catching criminals or killing predatory animals or enlisting in the military
 
principal
the original amount of a debt on which interest is calculated
 
reparation
(usually plural) compensation exacted from a defeated nation by the victors
 
prime interest rate
the interest rate on short-term loans that banks charge their commercial customers with high credit ratings
 
stock buyback
a corporation's purchase of its own outstanding stock; increases earnings/share so stock price rises (which can discourage a takeover attempt)
 
windfall profit
profit that occurs unexpectedly as a consequence of some event not controlled by those who profit from it
 
trade expense
ordinary and necessary expenses incurred in a taxpayer's business or trade
 
stockpile
something kept back or saved for future use or a special purpose
 
reward
payment made in return for a service rendered
 
petty cash
a small fund of cash that a firm keeps for the payment of incidental expenses
 
escheat
a reversion to the state (as the ultimate owner of property) in the absence of legal heirs
 
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