Nouns denoting body parts

venula
a minute vein continuous with a capillary
 
seminal duct
the efferent duct of the testis in man
 
cloaca
(zoology) the cavity (in birds, reptiles, amphibians, most fish, and monotremes but not mammals) at the end of the digestive tract into which the intestinal, genital, and urinary tracts open
 
beta-adrenergic receptor
receptors postulated to exist on nerve cell membranes of the sympathetic nervous system in order to explain the specificity of certain agents that affect only some sympathetic activities (such as vasodilation and increased heart beat)
 
cauda
any taillike structure
 
clenched fist
a hand with the fingers clenched in the palm (as for hitting)
 
mucus
protective secretion of the mucous membranes; in the gut it lubricates the passage of food and protects the epithelial cells; in the nose and throat and lungs it can make it difficult for bacteria to penetrate the body through the epithelium
 
medulla spinalis
a major part of the central nervous system which conducts sensory and motor nerve impulses to and from the brain; a long tubelike structure extending from the base of the brain through the vertebral canal to the upper lumbar region
 
os scaphoideum
the largest wrist bone on the thumb side
 
microtubule
a microscopically small tubule
 
lochia
substance discharged from the vagina (cellular debris and mucus and blood) that gradually decreases in amount during the weeks following childbirth
 
spinal nerve
any of the 31 pairs of nerves emerging from each side of the spinal cord (each attached to the cord by two roots: ventral and dorsal)
 
glossa
a mobile mass of muscular tissue covered with mucous membrane and located in the oral cavity
 
tarsal
any bone of the tarsus
 
glucagon
a hormone secreted by the pancreas; stimulates increases in blood sugar levels in the blood (thus opposing the action of insulin)
 
teres muscle
either of two muscles in the shoulder region that move the shoulders and arms
 
hypothalamus
a basal part of the diencephalon governing autonomic nervous system
 
structural gene
a gene that controls the production of a specific protein or peptide
 
tunic
an enveloping or covering membrane or layer of body tissue
 
ethmoidal sinus
a sinus of the meatuses of the nasal cavity (behind the bridge of the nose)
 
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